Glaube, Vertrauen und Wohlstandserwerb

David P. Goldman (Spengler) mit faszinierenden Bemerkungen über den Glauben und das Vertrauen als Bedingungen für den modernen Kapitalismus. Adam Smith‘ unsichtbare Hand ist nicht genug, so Goldman, denn „Kredit“ kommt von „credere“:

Nowhere in the pagan world […] do we meet a God who offers his laws (the Torah) to a people, as YHWH did at Mount Sinai, and ask that people’s free assent to accept these laws. […] That is the origin of faith, emunah in Hebrew, meaning loyalty as well as belief.

Gläubig zu sein, heißt: sein Wort halten. Und zwar auch jenseits der Bande von Familie und Freundschaft, Dorf und Volk:

That is the Jewish genius: to be able to inspire faith (or what is usually called “confidence” in markets) to make possible long-term investments in capital markets involving millions of participants. The investors in a bond or stock issue are not linked by ties of family or personal loyalty, but rather by contract, law and custom. Their obligations extend beyond the ancient loyalties of family and clan. That may seem obvious on first reflection. But most countries in the world lack functioning capital markets, because faith is absent. […] In backward countries, trust is inconceivable outside the narrow circle of blood relations. Firms remain small because trust is restricted to family members.

Kapitalismus (wenn denn dieses Wort gebraucht werden muß) funktioniert also am besten dort, wo Glaube Vertrauen stiftet, nicht aber dort, wo  – wie manches Klischee will –  mit dem Glauben das Vertrauen schwindet.

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